Theology as a science was made possible through the efforts of different theologians who sacrificed their time to put into writing our relationship with God. They are numerous and from different continents. Even though they were inspired by the word of God, they were also influenced by their different cultural backgrounds. Almost all civilizations played one important role in this quest, except for a few who did play little or no role. Africa, unfortunately, has been lagging in research.
Maybe due to her history of colonization, or other circumstances, which I ignore, she has always found it difficult to boldly join the debate both in systematic theology and in that of the history of theology.
So, systematic theology as we know it today was principally the brainchild of Western theologians or non-western theologians with a Western mindset. However, in recent years, other regions started joining the discussion.
Among these theologians are those that anybody who has attended even a single course of theology will be able to remember or must have heard of. Some are known mainly by those who have had more theological studies, but their names are as well household names in the different fields they specialized in.
In this text, we intend to show how theologians from different regions of the world helped, through mature reflections on their contextual experience of God, to solve universal theological difficulties. We would also want to show how Africa can stand on her two feet and once and for all bring something tangible to this table of theological discussion.
Western civilization had already developed a formal educational system at the origin of Christianity that permitted her to articulate her faith in formal themes. The European theologians spearheaded all the initial intellectual developments of Christian theology. The Church fathers, through their philosophical knowledge, carefully organized the early history of the first Christian community, their experiences of God and the relationship between their cultural heritages and the Jewish heritages to develop what we know today as the Christian theology. In fact, one wouldn’t be entirely wrong to think that the intellectual articulation of Christianity was made possible through the help of Western Civilization.
This is why the Ancient and Medieval histories of theology are all full of European imprints. Even systematic theology, like anthropological theology, fundamental theology, dogmatic theology, ecclesiology, Christology, pastoral theology, etc., were all initially based on the European experience of God.
2. North America
4. Latin America